Mind disorders in adolescents

Mental disorders-2

Life may be a rollercoaster ride on many occasions, i.e., sometimes one may be very happy and sometimes feel confused and sad. Even though mental disorders can arise in all age groups, mostly it starts during adolescence because of various changes in lifestyle and a lot of expectations. If they cannot cope with circumstances and changes, they will suffer from anxiety disorders or depression. The most common cause for mind disorders are losing an affectionate person, lack of love, love failure or sexual abuse. Family problems, financial problems and parent’s interference in ambition/choosing a career or profession/love matter may add pressure to the mind of adolescents to cause serious emotional problems.

Common mind disorders arising in adolescent age group are

  • Anxiety Disorders – Anxiety is an unpleasant emotional feeling triggered by anticipation or fear for future events with memories of past events.
  • Stress Disorders – are also anxiety-related disorders which develop after an unusual event or a psychological trauma – There are two types - Acute stress response and Chronic or severe - Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.
  • Anorexia Nervosa – losing appetite or interest for foods with anxiety disorder in adolescent females.
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) - is also an anxiety disorder where sufferer has uncontrollable, unreasonable, persistent and disturbing thoughts which compel him to do a particular activity repeatedly – for example, repeated hand washing with fear of germs remaining in the hands, aversion to sex fearing sexually-transmitted diseases, opening and closing the door repeatedly to check he has locked it perfectly, etc.
  • Depression (two categories - Unipolar and Bipolar)

o   Unipolar Depression - is a kind of mental illness where the patient is sad with lack of interest in things that were once pleasurable.

o   Bipolar Depression – depression characterised by extreme fluctuations in moods, i.e., sometimes very dull and sleepy and at other times very irritable and violent with sleeplessness.

  • Suicidal Mania – persistent and intentional thinking of killing self.
  • Schizoid Personality Disorder – refers to constant or persistent withdrawal from social relationships/functions/joyous occasions with lack of self-confidence and interest.
  • Delusion – condition of recurrent/persistent thought/belief which is really false, for example, thinks that everyone is talking about him in a wrong way.
  • Schizophrenia – a chronic complex mental disorder where sufferer experiences disorganised speech and behaviour with delusions and hallucinations.
  • Hypochondriasis – a kind of health anxiety disorder where there is excessive fear of having a serious medical illness (in spite of no medical evidence to support the presence of serious health problem or even after testing all parameters).
  • Panic Disorders – one may become panicky if they experience unreasonable intensified fear along with anxiety. They will have sudden accelerated or irregular heartbeats, shortness of breath, breathlessness, dizziness, sweating, etc., and lose control of himself.
  • Agoraphobia – fear of remaining in unavoidable situations (from which escape might be very difficult) – for example, if he happens to go out, fears that a tall building may fall on him; an accident may occur, etc. Quite simply, they may fear to go outside or be in open, public places.
  • Aversion to Marriage or Sex – with fear of sexual performance/pain/failure.

Signs and symptoms  

  • Sadness / hopelessness / worthless feeling
  • Loss of concentration / interest / low self-esteem
  • Irritability / anger / restlessness with loss of sleep
  • Extreme sensitivity – will take silly things very seriously
  • Fatigue / vague pains
  • Suicidal thoughts and withdrawal from friends and family
  • Nightmare – getting distress with frightening dreams (with frequent awakenings from sleep)
  • Going for addictions with alcohol / smoking / drugs
  • Fear about loyalty / faithfulness

To cope with the situation

  • Divert your mind – Keep yourself always busy or be with your friends or relatives
  • Avoid sitting alone and thinking too much – i.e., be engaged always - if necessary, change of place may also be useful.
  • Never, ever give up hope
  • Do some charity work in person – You will realise your importance in this world

Homeopathic approach - Counselling and medical treatment can be helpful to recover from mind disorders. Every person reacts differently to situations. They need to be advised / counselled accordingly or otherwise it can flare up the complaint. Homeopathy treats everyone as a different individual and treats them according to their symptom presentations, constitutional make-up (mental and physical) and feelings. Homeopathy stands high here with its classic individualisation and treatment with out any side-effects. Homeopathy is very safe and free from all sorts of harmful side-effects since it is given in very minute doses.

Finally, one should be aware that “A bend in the road is not the end of the road... unless you fail to make the turn.” Further, there is no agony like bearing an untold story inside of you. So, share it with a friend or parent or well-wisher or doctor to get advised. Remember, pain may be inevitable sometimes but suffering continuously is only optional. Though no one can go back and make a brand new start, anyone can start from now and make a brand new end. So be hopeful - It’s your world – enjoy and live it.


for new hope
M.D (Hom)

Website - www.drcheena.in
Email -



(Disclaimer - The contents of this column are for informational purpose only. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional healthcare advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of healthcare professional for any health problem or medical condition.)

Apr 04, 2011
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